Under the United Kingdom Gender Recognition Act, trans people who experience severe gender variance, and have medical treatment for the condition, may apply to the Gender Recognition Panel(GRP) for a Gender Recognition Certificate (GRC). The GRC then entitles them to recognition of the gender stated on that certificate “for all purposes”. Where the person's birth was originally registered in the UK, the GRC may be used to obtain a new birth certificate. More details can be found here.
The Gender Recognition Act also introduces specific protection for the personal information of trans people. Solicitors are also bound to protect the information of any transgender people holding a GRC that they deal with regardless of whether or not they are clients.
As part of the gender recognition process the UK credit rating agencies have set in place special arrangments to protect the identiy of trans people.
Chris Grayling, the Secretary of State for Justice and Lord Chancellor, has requested comment on the spousal veto in current marriage legislation that prevents the issue of a Gender Recognition Certificate to a person who would otherwise be entitled to receive one. GIRES has responded to that request. If you wish to comment, Chris Grayling's e-mail address is: email@example.com.
The Commissioner for Human Rights of the Council of Europe, Thomas Hammarberg, gave the most extensive statement on the serious situation of transgender persons by a European official ever, on the 29th July 2009 in Copenhagen. Here he launched his issue paper “Human Rights and Gender Identity”
“The human rights situation of transgender persons has long been ignored and neglected, although the problems they face are serious and often specific to this group alone. Transgender people experience a high degree of discrimination, intolerance and outright violence. Their basic human rights are violated, including the right to life, the right to physical integrity and the right to health.”.
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